Part 8 of the 2018 interview with Dr. Alan Chan at Bond University, Australia. Several questions are central to the teachings of Confucian thought, including the issue of how to sustain order (zhi) and harmony (he). For example, it is unclear as to what degree should we rely on institutions, and what roles, relationships, or hierarchies should structure society. This section of the interview discusses whether hierarchy and order, based on virtue, is applicable to non-Confucian societies.
Part 7 of the 2018 interview with Dr. Alan Chan at Bond University, Australia. Today, the increasing travel of Chinese students, tourists, and businesses shows that the Chinese are cosmopolitan citizens of the world. The recent revival of Confucianism in China has been associated with cultural nationalism and philosophically, Confucianism and its collective, top-down, hierarchical view of relationships and governance is incompatible with liberal conceptions of cosmopolitanism, which emphasise individualism and human rights. This interview explores the potential for Confucianism to influence countries outside of Asia in a globalised world.